Identifying Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Children and Effective Teaching Strategies That Develop Their Multiple Intelligences




ADHD Teaching Strategies


Many of us sometimes fail or misinterpret ADHD children by not understanding fully their traits and symptoms. As a result, many ADHD children are viewed as marginal students at school since they can’t meet academic standards. Thus, the purpose of this study is to identify ADHD traits and implement effective teaching strategies for ADHD children which can develop their multiple intelligences. Knowing and applying effective methods and strategies for teaching ADHD children are very essential for them to achieve academic success. Therefore, through this research hopefully, teachers can identify ADHD children and implement effective teaching strategies that can develop multiple intelligences for ADHD children optimally. This research is qualitative research with a literature study approach. The results of this research are characteristics of ADHD and effective teaching strategies including assessment and tools that can be used in a classroom that can help to develop 9 multiple intelligences.


Download data is not yet available.


Anastopoulos, A. (1999). ‘AD/HD’, in S. Netherton, C. Holmes and C. Walker (eds), Child and Adolescent Psychological Disorders: A Comprehensive Textbook. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Armstrong, T. (2000). Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. 2nd ed. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD.

Armstrong, T. (2009). Multiple Intelligences in the Classroom. Assn for Supervision & Curriculum

Barkley, R. (2013). Taking Charge of ADHD, Third Edition: The Complete, Authoritative Guide for Parents. The Guilford Press.

Barkley, R. (2020). 12 Principles for Raising a Child With ADHD. The Guilford Press.

Barua, P. D., Vicnesh, J., Gururajan, R., Oh, S. L., Palmer, E., Azizan, M. M., Kadri, N. A., & Acharya, U. R. (2022). Artificial Intelligence Enabled Personalised Assistive Tools to Enhance Education of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders—A Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(3), 1-26.

Cloete, D. J. (2005). ‘n Ondersoek na die fasilitering van verskillende leerstyle en meervoudige intelligensie tydens kooperatiewe leer en groepaktiwiteite in hoer onderwys. Pretoria: Universiteit van Pretoria.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S., (2018). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publications, Inc.

Gardner, H. (1991). The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools Should Teach. Basic Books.

Gardner, H. (2011). Frame of mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Basic Books.

Garland, T. (2014). Self-Regulation Interventions and Strategies; Keeping the Body, Mind and Emotions on Task in Children with ADHD, Autism and Sensory Disorders. Pesi Publishing & Media.

Greenspan, S. L. (2009). Overcoming ADHD, Helping Your Child Becomes Calm, engage, and Focused-Without a Pill. Da Capo Lifelong Books.

Hoffman, M (2021). A Holistic Approach to Process Optimisation. Springer Wiesbaden Publishing.

Hughes, L. A., & Cooper, P. W. (2007). Understanding and Supporting Children with ADHD: Strategies for Teachers, Parents and other Professionals. Sage Publications, Inc.

Jhonson, R. B., & Christensen, L. (2014). Educational Research; Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches. Sage Publlications, Inc.

Juríčková, V., Bozděchová, A., Machová, K., & Vadroňová, M. (2020). Effect of Animal Assisted Education with a Dog Within Children with ADHD in the Classroom: A Case Study. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 37(6), 677–684.

Kurtz, L. A. (2006). Visual Perception Problems in Children with AD/HD, Autism, and Other Learning Disabilities; A Guide for Parents and Professionals. Jesicca Kingsley Publisher.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, M. A. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis. Sage Publications, Inc.

Najafi, M., Akouchekian, S., Ghaderi, A., Mahaki, B., & Rezaei, M. (2017). Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Comparison with Nonattention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder. Advanced Biomedical Research, 6(1), 1-7.

Rief, S. F. (2008). The ADD/ADHD Checklist: A Practical Reference for Parents and Teachers. John Wiley & Sons.

Shapiro, L. E. (2010). The ADHD Workbook for Kids: Helping Children Gain Self-confidence, Social Skills & Self-control. New Harbinger Publications.

Tannock, R. (1998). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Advances in Cognitive, Neurobiological, and Genetic Research. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 39(1), 65-99.

Taylor, J. F. (2006). The Survival Guide for Kids with ADD or ADHD. Free Spirit Publishing.

Teresha, G. (2014). Self- Regulation Intervention and Strategies; Keeping the Body, Mind, and Emotion on Task on Children with Autism, ADHD or Sensory Disorders. PESI Publishing & Media.

What is ADHD? (n.d.) Retrieved from

Young, S., & Smith, J. (2017). Helping children with ADHD: a CBT guide for practitioners, parents and teachers. John Wiley & Sons.




How to Cite

Kristanto, Y. (2022). Identifying Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Children and Effective Teaching Strategies That Develop Their Multiple Intelligences. Edunesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 4(1), 1–13.