Establishing Validity And Reliability of Semi-Structured Interview Questionnaire in Developing Risk Communication Module: A Pilot Study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.177

Keywords:

Reliability, Risk ommunication module, Semi-structure interview questionnaire , Validity

Abstract

Needs analysis is a technique in collecting and accessing information relevant to course design. In the needs analysis, the interview is one of the methods and it involves asking in-depth questions using a structured or semi-structured guide to better understand the individual’s points of view. A pilot test for an interview is an important and useful process in conducting qualitative research. Its findings might indicate that some improvements for the major study are needed. This article will explore the advantages of the pilot study, how it was undertaken and the experiences and findings throughout the study. The pilot test was conducted by interviewing two nursing lecturers using Google Meet. This pilot test was conducted with three stages of an interview process such as a pre-interview, peri-interview and post-interview. There were no serious modifications were needed after data analysis of the pilot study was done. It indicates that the research instruments, semi-structured questions can be considered as valid and reliable and can be used for the real study. At the same time, the researcher recognized that the MOOC course and communication at risk module need details explanation because they are new for the participants and to make clear distinction between risk communication and therapeutic communication. This study gives the researchers valuable experiences in applying the three stages of the interview session. The most important, the findings of this study can be applied in the real study

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dikko, M. (2016). Establishing construct validity and reliability: Pilot testing of a qualitative

interview research in Takaful (Islamic insurance). The Qualitative Report, 21(3), 521- 528. Retrieved from: http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol21/iss3/6

Emmel, N. (2013). Sample size. In Sampling and choosing cases in qualitative research: A realist approach (pp. 137-156). SAGE Publications Ltd, https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781473913882.

Majid, M.A.A., Othman, Mohhidin., Mohamad, S.F., Halim, S.A. Lim., & Yusof, A. (2017). Piloting for Interviews in Qualitative Research: Operationalization and Lessons Learnt. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(4). doi: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i4/2916. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i4/2916.

Miller, S., France, D., & Welsh, K. (2015). Development of Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication (CERC) activities and an Evaluation of their Impact on Learning: Geoscience students’perceptions, Belgeo, Retrieved from: http://journals.openedition.org/belgeo/16386 ; doi : 10.4000/belgeo.16386.

Noble, H., & Smith, J. (2015). Issues of validity and reliability in qualitative research. Evidence-Based Nursing, 18(2), 34-5. https://doi.org/10.1136/eb-2015-102054. [Accessed 18th December. 2020].

Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (pp. 169-186). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Sava, S. (2020). Needs Analysis and Programme Planning in Adult Education. Opladen; Berlin; Toronto: Verlag Barbara Budrich. doi:10.2307/j.ctvbkjvs2.

Thepseenu, B. (2020). Needs Analysis for ESP Course Development: Thai Civil Engineering

Students’ Perspectives. Asian Journal of Education and Training, 6(3): 433-442. doi: 10.20448/journal.522.2020.63.433.442.

Turner, D.W. (2010) Qualitative Interview Design: A Practical Guide for Novice Investigators. The Qualitative Report, 15, 754-760.

http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR15-3/qid.pdf.

Van Wijk E., & Harrison T (2013). Managing Ethical Problems in Qualitative Research involving vulnerable populations, Using a Pilot Study. The International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 12(1):570-586. doi: 10.1177/160940691301200130.

Williams-McBean, C.T. (2019). The Value of a Qualitative Pilot Study in a Multi-Phase Mixed

Methods Research. The Qualitative Report, 24(5), 1055-1064. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2019.3833.

World Health Organization. (2017). Communicating risk in public health emergencies: A WHO guideline for emergency risk communication (ERC) policy and practice. New York: World Health Organization. ISBN 978-92-4-155020-8.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Aung, K. T., Razak, R. A. ., & Nazry, N. N. M. . (2021). Establishing Validity And Reliability of Semi-Structured Interview Questionnaire in Developing Risk Communication Module: A Pilot Study. Edunesia : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 2(3), 600–606. https://doi.org/10.51276/edu.v2i3.177